Human Research Ethics Committees (HRECs) review research proposals involving human participants to ensure that they are ethically acceptable. There are approximately 200 HRECs in research organisations across Australia.
In Australia, HRECs review research proposals that involve human participants to ensure that they meet ethical standards and guidelines.
These guidelines include the National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (National Statement). The National Statement requires many types of human research to undergo ethics review. It also sets out the requirements for an HREC’s establishment, operation and membership.
We require organisations that receive our funding to conduct human research in accordance with the National Statement. We also administer a registration scheme for HRECs.
Approximately 200 HRECs in organisations across Australia are registered with us. Registration means that the HREC has notified us of its existence and declared that it meets the requirements of the National Statement.
Some of the reasons why HRECs register with us are:
- Clinical trials - The Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 requires an HREC to review and monitor all clinical trials of unregistered therapeutic goods. This HREC must be notified to us and constituted and operating in accordance with the National Statement.
- Human embryo research - The Research Involving Human Embryos Act 2002, requires HRECs that approve research involving excess human embryos to be compliant with the National Statement. If HRECs are not complaint, it may have implications for the issuing of licences.
- Privacy legislation - HRECs that apply the Guidelines under Section 95 (s95 guidelines) and the Guidelines approved under Section 95A (s95A guidelines) of the Privacy Act 1988 are required to report annually to us on the application of these guidelines.
- State/territory requirements – There may be legislation and/or policies within states and territories that require HRECs to be registered.
We maintain a list of all HRECs that are registered with us.
Apply for registration
Organisations can register their HREC(s) by completing the Registration Form and submitting documentation that demonstrates that their HREC(s) meets the requirements of the National Statement.
Change of HREC details
Once an HREC is registered, it must notify us of certain changes to it or its organisation’s contact details by completing the Change of HREC Details Form.
Closing an HREC
Before an HREC closes or terminates its registration with us, it must complete a Closure Form and demonstrate that its responsibility for monitoring any ongoing research projects has been transferred to another HREC.
HRECs also consider the protection of privacy for humans participating in research and their data.
HRECs do this by considering whether the research proposal conforms to relevant legislation, principles and guidelines. This includes Commonwealth and/or state/territory legislation as well as the s95 and s95A guidelines.
We have developed the below flow charts and templates to help researchers and HRECs apply the s95 and s95A guidelines.
- Template – Application of the Guidelines under Section 95 of the Privacy Act 1988 (2014) (DOCX 112 KB)
- Flowchart – Determining whether the s95 guidelines apply (PDF 405 KB)
- Flowchart – Determining whether the s95A guidelines apply (PDF 466 KB)
Although organisations are responsible for the activities of their own HREC(s), we require HRECs to self-report to us on their activities over the previous calendar year.
In addition, organisations and their HRECs that are certified under the National Certification Scheme of Institutional Processes related to the Ethical Review of Multi-centre Research, self-report to us on their multi-centre research activities.
We assess all annual reports to see if HRECs have met the requirements of the National Statement and we notify all organisations and HRECs of the outcome.
The data from these annual reports is summarised in an activity report and provided to the Australian Health Ethics Committee. The activity reports from the last two reporting periods are available below. For the reports from previous reporting periods, please contact HREC.email@example.com.
Applying for ethics review
Researchers should contact their institution’s HREC for advice about how to submit an application for ethics review.
Researchers who are not affiliated with an Australian organisation that has an HREC can contact any HREC from our registration list (provided above) and discuss matters with them directly. Organisations that establish HRECs are required to set out and publicise their terms of reference, including their relationship to non-affiliated or independent researchers.
An Australian organisation and/or HREC is not required to accept an ethics approval from another country and may require its own review. It is up to the researcher(s) to demonstrate that the ethical framework and standards in the reviewing country satisfy the ethical principles outlined in the National Statement.
Template letters to researchers
HRECs can download the below templates and use them as a reference for their letters to researchers.