Australia has a proud history of producing groundbreaking health and medical research. This booklet, 10 of the best research projects 2008, showcases a selection of current projects and introduces some of the researchers who are continuing that tradition. Work on stem cells, diabetes, cancer, dental health and obesity in children are some of the research projects showcased here. Others include helping heal burns, making old wounds disappear, easing osteoarthritis and tackling male reproductive health. Together, these 10 represent the hundreds of highly successful international-standard projects the NHMRC funds each year.