[1] This is the proposed revision of the Joint NHMRC/AVCC Statement and Guidelines on Research Practice

[2] Higher Education Funding Council for England, Scottish Higher Education Funding Council, Higher Education Funding Council for Wales, & Department for Employment and Learning Northern Ireland (2005) RAE 2008: Guidance to Panels, p.28. At, accessed 27th October 2006

[3] Adapted from National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Ethical and Policy Issues in Research Involving Human Participants, Bethesda, 2001 pp.71–72

[4] Denzin NK & Lincoln YS (Eds.) 2000 Handbook of Qualitative Research, Sage: California

[5] Where the context is the establishment and maintenance of an HREC, ‘institutions’ also includes any body or agency that establishes an HREC but does not conduct human research.