This is the proposed revision of the Joint NHMRC/AVCC Statement and Guidelines on Research Practice
 Higher Education Funding Council for England, Scottish Higher Education Funding Council, Higher Education Funding Council for Wales, & Department for Employment and Learning Northern Ireland (2005) RAE 2008: Guidance to Panels, p.28. At http://www.rae.ac.uk/pubs/2005/01/rae0105.doc, accessed 27th October 2006
 Adapted from National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Ethical and Policy Issues in Research Involving Human Participants, Bethesda, 2001 pp.71–72
 Denzin NK & Lincoln YS (Eds.) 2000 Handbook of Qualitative Research, Sage: California
 Where the context is the establishment and maintenance of an HREC, ‘institutions’ also includes any body or agency that establishes an HREC but does not conduct human research.